Selected dictionary: English - Czech

(640 697 pairs, words and phrases)

In dictionary for phrase Back was found total 33 words.


 Flag United states of America round flag  English  Flag of Czech republic/Czechia rounded icon  Czech translate  Icon of note small  Note
back bek n:
back couvat v:
back dozadu
back hřbet n:
back nazpátek
back nazpět
back nezaplacený adj:
back obránce n:
back odlehlý adj:
back opěradlo
back opožděný adj:
back páteř
back podporovat v:
back rub n:
back týl n:
back zacouvat v:
back záda
back zadní adj:
back zadní strana
back zádový adj:
back zpáteční adj:
back zpátky
back zpět
back zpětný adj:
back opěradlo Med.
back záda Med.
back hřbet Med.
back záda Med.
back indosovat Právnicko-obchodní pojem
Back Křídlo GB
Back Půda
Back Záda
back plocha rubová


 Flag United states of America round flag  English  Flag of Czech republic/Czechia rounded icon Czech


BackA large shallow vat; a cistern, tub, or trough, used by brewers, distillers, dyers, picklers, gluemakers, and others, for mixing or cooling wort, holding water, hot glue, etc.
BackA ferryboat. See Bac, 1.
BackIn human beings, the hinder part of the body, extending from the neck to the end of the spine; in other animals, that part of the body which corresponds most nearly to such part of a human being; as, the back of a horse, fish, or lobster.
BackAn extended upper part, as of a mountain or ridge.
BackThe outward or upper part of a thing, as opposed to the inner or lower part; as, the back of the hand, the back of the foot, the back of a hand rail.
BackThe part opposed to the front; the hinder or rear part of a thing; as, the back of a book; the back of an army; the back of a chimney.
BackThe part opposite to, or most remote from, that which fronts the speaker or actor; or the part out of sight, or not generally seen; as, the back of an island, of a hill, or of a village.
BackThe part of a cutting tool on the opposite side from its edge; as, the back of a knife, or of a saw.
BackA support or resource in reserve.
BackThe keel and keelson of a ship.
BackThe upper part of a lode, or the roof of a horizontal underground passage.
BackA garment for the back; hence, clothing.
BackBeing at the back or in the rear; distant; remote; as, the back door; back settlements.
BackBeing in arrear; overdue; as, back rent.
BackMoving or operating backward; as, back action.
BackTo get upon the back of; to mount.
BackTo place or seat upon the back.
BackTo drive or force backward; to cause to retreat or recede; as, to back oxen.
BackTo make a back for; to furnish with a back; as, to back books.
BackTo adjoin behind; to be at the back of.
BackTo write upon the back of; as, to back a letter; to indorse; as, to back a note or legal document.
BackTo support; to maintain; to second or strengthen by aid or influence; as, to back a friend.
BackTo bet on the success of; -- as, to back a race horse.
BackTo move or go backward; as, the horse refuses to back.
BackTo change from one quarter to another by a course opposite to that of the sun; -- used of the wind.
BackTo stand still behind another dog which has pointed; -- said of a dog.
BackIn, to, or toward, the rear; as, to stand back; to step back.
BackTo the place from which one came; to the place or person from which something is taken or derived; as, to go back for something left behind; to go back to one's native place; to put a book back after reading it.
BackTo a former state, condition, or station; as, to go back to private life; to go back to barbarism.
Back(Of time) In times past; ago.
BackAway from contact; by reverse movement.
BackIn concealment or reserve; in one's own possession; as, to keep back the truth; to keep back part of the money due to another.
BackIn a state of restraint or hindrance.
BackIn return, repayment, or requital.
BackIn withdrawal from a statement, promise, or undertaking; as, he took back0 the offensive words.
BackIn arrear; as, to be back in one's rent.


posterior, rearward, rear, backmost, aft, hindermost, rearmost, hindmost, hinder, hind, posterior, noncurrent, rearwards, rearward, backwards, backward, backward, in reply, backrest, cover, book binding, binding, dorsum, rear, rear, backbone, vertebral column, spine, rachis, spinal column, back up, stake, gage, bet on, game, punt, indorse, support, endorse, plump for, plunk for, endorse, second, indorse, back off, back up, back down, back out,
dorsum, rear, spinal column, vertebral column, spine, backbone, rachis, binding, book binding, cover, backrest, body part, cloth covering, football player, footballer, place, position, protection, protective cover, protective covering, side, skeletal structure, support,


Nothing antonyms found for term: Back

 Flag United states of America round flag English explanatory dictionary

n., adv., v., & adj. --n. 1 a the rear surface of the human body from the shoulders to the hips. b the corresponding upper surface of an animal's body. c the spine (fell and broke his back). d the keel of a ship. 2 a any surface regarded as corresponding to the human back, e.g. of the head or hand, or of a chair. b the part of a garment that covers the back. 3 a the less active or visible or important part of something functional, e.g. of a knife or a piece of paper (write it on the back). b the side or part normally away from the spectator or the direction of motion or attention, e.g. of a car, house, or room (stood at the back). 4 a a defensive player in field games. b this position. 5 (the Backs) the grounds of Cambridge colleges which back on to the River Cam. --adv. 1 to the rear; away from what is considered to be the front (go back a bit; ran off without looking back). 2 a in or into an earlier or normal position or condition (came back late; went back home; ran back to the car; put it back on the shelf). b in return (pay back). 3 in or into the past (back in June; three years back). 4 at a distance (stand back from the road). 5 in check (hold him back). 6 (foll. by of) US behind (was back of the house). --v. 1 tr. a help with moral or financial support. b bet on the success of (a horse etc.). 2 tr. & intr. move, or cause (a vehicle etc.) to move, backwards. 3 tr. a put or serve as a back, background, or support to. b Mus. accompany. 4 tr. lie at the back of (a beach backed by steep cliffs). 5 intr. (of the wind) move round in an anticlockwise direction. --adj. 1 situated behind, esp. as remote or subsidiary (backstreet; back teeth). 2 of or relating to the past; not current (back pay; back issue). 3 reversed (back flow). øat a person's back in pursuit or support. at the back of one's mind remembered but not consciously thought of. back and forth to and fro. back bench a back-bencher's seat in the House of Commons. back-bencher a member of Parliament not holding a senior office. back-boiler Brit. a boiler behind and integral with a domestic fire. back-breaking (esp. of manual work) extremely hard. back country esp. Austral. & NZ an area away from settled districts. back-crawl = BACKSTROKE. back-cross Biol. 1 cross a hybrid with one of its parents. 2 an instance or the product of this. back door a secret or ingenious means of gaining an objective. back-door adj. (of an activity) clandestine, underhand (back-door deal). back down withdraw one's claim or point of view etc.; concede defeat in an argument etc. back-down n. an instance of backing down. back-fill refill an excavated hole with the material dug out of it. back-formation 1 the formation of a word from its seeming derivative (e.g. laze from lazy). 2 a word formed in this way. back number 1 an issue of a periodical earlier than the current one. 2 sl. an out-of-date person or thing. the back of beyond a very remote or inaccessible place. back off 1 draw back, retreat. 2 abandon one's intention, stand, etc. back on to have its back adjacent to (the house backs on to a field). back out (often foll. by of) withdraw from a commitment. back passage colloq. the rectum. back-pedal (-pedalled, -pedalling; US -pedaled, -pedaling) 1 pedal backwards on a bicycle etc. 2 reverse one's previous action or opinion. back-projection the projection of a picture from behind a translucent screen for viewing or filming. back room (often (with hyphen) attrib.) a place where secret work is done. back-scattering the scattering of radiation in a reverse direction. back seat an inferior position or status. back-seat driver a person who is eager to advise without responsibility (orig. of a passenger in a car etc.). back slang slang using words spelt backwards (e.g. yob). back-stop = LONGSTOP. back talk US = BACKCHAT. back to back with backs adjacent and opposite each other (we stood back to back). back-to-back adj. esp. Brit. (of houses) with a party wall at the rear. back to front 1 with the back at the front and the front at the back. 2 in disorder. back-to-nature (usu. attrib.) applied to a movement or enthusiast for the reversion to a simpler way of life. back up 1 give (esp. moral) support to. 2 Computing make a spare copy of (data, a disk, etc.). 3 (of running water) accumulate behind an obstruction. 4 reverse (a vehicle) into a desired position. 5 US form a queue of vehicles etc., esp. in congested traffic. back water reverse a boat's forward motion using oars. get (or put) a person's back up annoy or anger a person. get off a person's back stop troubling a person. go back on fail to honour (a promise or commitment). know like the back of one's hand be entirely familiar with. on one's back injured or ill in bed. on the back burner see BURNER. put one's back into approach (a task etc.) with vigour. see the back of see SEE(1). turn one's back on 1 abandon. 2 ignore. with one's back to (or up against) the wall in a desperate situation; hard-pressed. øøbacker n. (in sense 1 of v.). backless adj. [OE bóc f. Gmc],

Use in sentenses

 Flag United states of America round flag English  Flag of Czech republic/Czechia rounded icon Czech
Back to business as usual in France . Francie je zpátky ve starých kolejích
Backing the Right Horse in Pakistan Trójský kůň z Pákistánu
Back then , it was called “ Uzbekistan ” and was nothing more than an obligatory culinary demonstration of the supposedly unbreakable union of the USSR ’ s fifteen fraternal republics . Tehdy se jmenovalo „ Uzbekistán “ a nebylo ničím víc než obligátní kulinářskou demonstrací údajně nerozbitného pouta mezi patnácti bratrskými republikami SSSR
Back then , the outcome of the Madrid summit that agreed to their membership was uncertain until the final moments . Výsledek tehdejšího madridského summitu , kde se o jejich členství rozhodovalo , byl do samého závěru jednání nejasný
Back then Nato heads - of - state welcomed the progress of various candidate countries , commending the Baltic states in particular . Hlavy států NATO tehdy přivítaly pokrok kandidátských zemí a pochválily konkrétně pobaltské země
Back then , the illusion of costless progress prevented the root and branch reform Colombia so desperately needed . Tehdy ovšem iluse o bezplatném pokroku zabránila základním reformám , které Kolumbie tak zoufale potřebovala a potřebuje
Back then , parliament was seen as a means to bridge the divides of caste , religion , and region . V té době byl parlament chápán jako nástroj k překonání rozporů mezi kastami , náboženskými směry a regiony
Back to the Politics of Cultural Despair Návrat k politice kulturní beznaděje
Back in the 1970 ' s and at the start of the 1980 ' s , many ( I was one ) blamed bad decisions for the breakdown of the social - democratic systems ' ability to control inflation . V 70 . letech a na začátku 80 . let mnozí ( včetně mě ) z kolapsu schopnosti sociálnědemokratických systémů řídit inflaci vinili špatná rozhodnutí
Back in the early 1990 ' s , American officials like me who were making long - term forecasts for the Clinton administration cautioned that it would be rash to forecast an average long - run growth rate of more than 2.5 % per year - and that actual growth might turn out to be even slower . Počátkem devadesátých let varovali američtí představitelé , kteří podobně jako já zpracovávali dlouhodobé prognózy pro Clintonovu administrativu , že by bylo ukvapené předpovídat průměrné dlouhodobé tempo růstu vyšší než 2,5 % ročně - a že skutečný růst může být nakonec ještě pomalejší
Back then , the costs of international trans - ocean shipment for most commodities could easily amount to between 10 % and 20 % of retail value . Do té doby se mohly náklady na zaoceánskou přepravu většiny komodit snadno vyhoupnout na 10 % až 20 % maloobchodní ceny
Back in 1933 Irving Fisher - - Milton Friedman ' s predecessor atop America ' s monetarist school of economists - - announced that governments could prevent deep depressions by avoiding deflation . Roku 1933 Irving Fisher - jeden z význačných předchůdců Miltona Friedmana z americké monetaristické školy - prohlásil , že vlády by mohly zabránit hlubokým krizím , pokud se budou vyhýbat deflaci
Back then , irrational news decisions , sycophancy , and propaganda were passed off as journalism . Tehdy se za žurnalismus vydávala iracionální zpravodajská rozhodnutí , patolízalství a propaganda
Back then President Bush said that he was deeply committed to a prosperous , free and democratic Latin America . Prezident Bush tenkrát řekl , že mu hluboce záleží na prosperující , svobodné a demokratické Latinské Americe
Back then , Muslim thinkers contrasted the decline of their own societies with Europe ' s dynamism , a particularly painful distinction in light of European successes in colonizing large parts of the Muslim world . Muslimští myslitelé tehdy stavěli do protikladu úpadek vlastních společností s dynamikou Evropy , což bylo ve světle úspěšné evropské kolonizace rozsáhlých částí muslimského světa mimořádně bolestné poznání
Back in the 1970 s , when life science research was a relatively small enterprise by today ' s standards , the renowned cardiologist Julius Comroe made the case for basic research to the US Congress in the form of an unbiased statistical survey of medical breakthroughs . V 70 . letech , kdy byl biologický výzkum dle dnešních měřítek ještě poměrně v plenkách , předstoupil významný kardiolog Julius Comroe před americký Kongres a přednesl mu argumenty o potřebě základního výzkumu
Back when Comroe made his study of medical advances , he was directing his arguments to the public and their elected representatives . Když Comroe před třiceti lety pracoval na studii lékařských milníků , směřoval své argumenty k veřejnosti a jejím voleným zástupcům
Back home , he is the subject of satirical songs and finds himself engaged in frivolous lawsuits about whether he dyes his hair or spends enough time with his wife . Doma je námětem satirických písniček a je zatahován do pošetilých soudních sporů o to , zda si barví vlasy či zda tráví dost času se svou manželkou
Back then , the paramount question was : How did a small state like Israel defeat the armies of three Arab countries and occupy vast areas of Egyptian , Jordanian and Syrian territory in a few days ? Tehdejsí prvořadá otázka zněla : Jak mohl stát tak malý jako Izrael porazit armády tří arabských zemí a během několika dní obsadit ohromné oblasti egyptských , jordánských a syrských teritorií ?
Backed by evidence from large empirical studies , some claim that belief in religion is good because it boosts economic performance . Na základě důkazů z rozsáhlých empirických studií někteří lidé tvrdí , že náboženská víra je dobrá , poněvadž zvyšuje hospodářský výkon
Back to the Brink in Ukraine Ukrajina znovu nad propastí
Back then , a peaceful and honest result was reached in the end because Ukraine ’ s President Leonid Kuchma refused to heed Yanukovich ’ s call to use violence to defend his rigged election . Tehdy bylo nakonec dosaženo poctivého výsledku , protože ukrajinský prezident Leonid Kučma se odmítl řídit Janukovyčovou výzvou k použití násilí na obranu jím zfalšovaných voleb
Backed by a reasonable Arab peace plan , they will insist that there is already a worldwide consensus on restoring the 1967 borders ( with mutual adjustments of equal size and quality ) , the need for a fair agreement on dealing with refugees , and a formula to share Jerusalem . S oporou v rozumném arabském mírovém plánu budou trvat na tom , že už existuje světový konsenzus ohledně obnovení hranic z roku 1967 ( se vzájemnými úpravami shodné velikosti i kvality ) , potřeby spravedlivé dohody o řešení situace uprchlíků a receptu na sdílení Jeruzaléma
Back in the 1950 ’ s , the founding nations ’ foreign ministers promptly turned to their Belgian colleague , Paul - Henri Spaak , for fresh proposals . V 50 . letech se totiž ministři zahraničí šesti zakládajících zemí promptně obrátili na svého belgického kolegu Paula - Henriho Spaaka , aby přišel s novými návrhy
Back then , “ Japan bashing ” came to mean the threat of US trade sanctions unless Japan softened competitive pressure on American industries . Pro tento tlak se tehdy vžil výraz \„ tepání Japonska “ , který označoval hrozbu amerických obchodních sankcí , pokud Japonsko nezmírní konkurenční tlak na americký průmysl
Back in Beijing , the chief preoccupation is to safeguard 11 % GDP growth while assuaging Western governments . To v Pekingu je hlavní starostí zajistit 11 % růst HDP a zároveň upokojit západní vlády
Back then , most of the country was not governed at all , half of the economy ’ s productive capacity vanished , the Kremlin could not get a single reform law through the Communist Duma , and only lazy people were not talking about the country ’ s disintegration . Tehdy nebyla většina státu spravována vůbec , polovina výrobní kapacity země se rozplynula , Kreml nedokázal prosadit jediný reformní zákon v komunistické Dumě a jen lenoši nehovořili o rozkladu země
Back then , there was a debate between those who wanted to contain China ’ s growing strength increased and those who urged China ’ s integration into the international system . Tehdy probíhala debata mezi těmi , kdo chtěli narůstající sílu Číny potlačovat , a těmi , kdo naléhali na začlenění Číny do mezinárodní soustavy
Back home , they practice just - in - time manufacturing , 360 - degree performance evaluations ( including bosses reviewed by subordinates ) , and re - engineering - all with unmatched resourcefulness and purposefulness . Po návratu domů zahájili \ just -in- time \ výrobu , komplexní hodnocení výkonnosti ( včetně hodnocení šéfů jejich podřízenými ) a nové nasazování technologií - to vše s nepřekonatelným důvtipem a cílevědomostí
Back in 1997 , when the military pushed the then Islamist - led government of Necmettin Erbakan out of power , the Islamist movement fractured . Když v roce 1997 svrhla armáda tehdejší vládu Necmettina Erbakana , v níž měli islamisté hlavní slovo , islamistické hnutí se rozdrobilo
Back to Sweden in 1992 . Vraťme se ke Švédsku v roce 1992
Back then , the specter of the Apocalypse helped keep borrowing cheap . Přízrak apokalypsy v té době pomohl udržovat levné půjčky
Back then , Egypt was closely aligned with the Soviet Union . Egypt byl tehdy v úzkém sepjetí se Sovětským svazem
Back in 1970 , the issue of population growth was controversial . V roce 1970 byla otázka populačního růstu velice sporná
Backers of a socialist model have gone the way of the Soviet Union . Stoupenci socialistického modelu se zase vydali cestou Sovětského svazu
Backtracking on official resolve to fight terrorism would hardly convince international business to start investing in Indonesia again . Couvání před oficiálním předsevzetím bojovat s terorismem by nikterak mezinárodní obchodníky nepřesvědčilo , aby začali znovu v Indonésii investovat
Back to Afghanistan Zpátky do Afghánistánu
Back then , Japan was blamed ! Tehdy byla vina přičítána Japonsku !
Back in January , the United Nations ’ outlook for the global economy raised concerns about the economic pain this might impose on heavily indebted US households . Již v lednu vyjadřoval výhled globální ekonomiky vypracovaný Organizací spojených národů obavy z ekonomických nesnází , které by tento jev mohl přinést silně zadluženým domácnostem v USA
Back then , Ukraine became the focus of global attention , but Ukrainians learned of the disaster much later than the rest of the world . Tehdy se Ukrajina dostala do centra světové pozornosti , ale samotní Ukrajinci se o katastrofě dozvěděli o mnoho později

Merrian-Webster dictionary

Term Word class Description
back adverba : to, toward, or in a place from which a person or thing came b : to or toward a former state c : in return or reply
back nouna position in some games (as football or soccer) behind the front line of players; also : a player in this position
back adjectiveconstituting the final 9 holes of an 18-hole golf course
back verbto have the back in the direction of something

Use phrase in quotation

 Flag United states of America round flag Autor  Citát
Lucinda Williams Back in the 1960s, I saw Peter, Paul and Mary. I was at that age, about 14, and I was mesmerized.
Thomas Frank Back in the days when the market was a kind of secular god and all the world thrilled to behold the amazing powers of private capital, the idea of privatizing highways and airports and other bits of our transportation infrastructure made a certain kind of sense.
Joni Mitchell Back then, I didn't have a big organization around me. I was just a kid with a guitar, traveling around. My responsibility basically was to the art, and I had extra time on my hands. There is no extra time now. There isn't enough time.
Jay Inslee Back in the mid-1970s, we adopted some fairly ambitious goals to improve efficiency of our cars. What did we get? We got a tremendous boost in efficiency.
Henry Miller Back of every creation, supporting it like an arch, is faith. Enthusiasm is nothing: it comes and goes. But if one believes, then miracles occur.
Jeremy Rifkin Back in 1983, the United States government approved the release of the first genetically modified organism. In this case, it was a bacteria that prevents frost on food crops.
Ron Paul Back a hundred years ago, especially around Woodrow Wilson, what happened in this country is we took freedom and we chopped it into pieces.
Sylvia Kristel Back then I didn't think a woman like that, or a relationship like that, could exist with complete freedom and no jealousy or possessiveness. I thought it sounded too good to be true and I was certainly convinced it wasn't the life for me!
Jack Black Back in the '70s, like one of my favorite movies ever was 'The Bad News Bears', and that was a kids' movie, but I don't think of it that way. I think of it as just a great movie because Walter Matthau was so funny and so harsh with those kids.
Jeremy Rifkin Back in 1983, the United States government approved the release of the first genetically modified organism. In this case, it was a bacteria that prevents frost on food crops.
Carrie Preston Back in 2004, Kellie Overbey handed me her play 'Girl Talk' to read. I fell in love with her brutally delicious humor and the fearlessly deft way in which she drew her characters. They jumped off the page and begged me to give them a space in which to stomp around.
Sylvia Kristel Back then I didn't think a woman like that, or a relationship like that, could exist with complete freedom and no jealousy or possessiveness. I thought it sounded too good to be true and I was certainly convinced it wasn't the life for me!
Jack Black Back in the '70s, like one of my favorite movies ever was 'The Bad News Bears', and that was a kids' movie, but I don't think of it that way. I think of it as just a great movie because Walter Matthau was so funny and so harsh with those kids.
Neil Young Back then people closed their eyes and listened to music. Today there's a lot of images that go with the music. A lot of music is crap and it's all commercial and the images are all trying to sell the record.
Tom Stoppard Back in the East you can't do much without the right papers, but with the right papers you can do anything The believe in papers. Papers are power.
Sylvia Kristel Back then I didn't think a woman like that, or a relationship like that, could exist with complete freedom and no jealousy or possessiveness. I thought it sounded too good to be true and I was certainly convinced it wasn't the life for me!
Franz Beckenbauer Back then, a half-a-century ago, the situation was totally different. Economically, we were practically on our knees, and politically, we were still excluded from the community of nations. Today, in this respect, we have a totally different and much more stable basis.
Carl Sandburg Back of every mistaken venture and defeat is the laughter of wisdom, if you listen.

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